Breaking Conventions: The Birth and Impact of Abstract Expressionism

Abstract art, with its bold expressions, vivid colors, and atypical forms, stands as a testimony to the endless imagination of our minds. While representational art captures the world in its tangible form abstract art explores the intangible, offering an aesthetic language to express thoughts, feelings and experiences. In this study of abstract art, we'll explore its history, delves into its diverse forms, and contemplate the different ways it interacts with viewers and artists.

The Birth of Abstract Art:

Abstract art began to emerge as a radical departure from the constraints of realism and conventional artistic representation. The late 19th and early 20th centuries witnessed a dramatic change in the world of art that was characterized by the emergence of movements like Cubism, Futurism, and Expressionism. Artists such as Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, and Kazimir Malevich played crucial roles in breaking free from the limitations of objective reality.

Wassily Kandinsky: Oft regarded as the founder of abstract art, Kandinsky believed that colors and shapes possessed inherent emotional and spiritual properties. His revolutionary works, like "Composition VII," embraced non-representational forms, inviting viewers to interpret the artwork in their own way.

Piet Mondrian: Mondrian, a key figure in the De Stijl movement, reduced art to its fundamental components--horizontal and vertical lines and primary colors. His iconic "Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow" exemplifies the simplicity and precision characteristic abstraction.

Kazimir Malevich: Malevich was an Russian avant-garde artist was a pioneer of abstract art who took abstraction to its extreme with his creation of Suprematism. In works such as "Black Square" and "White on White," he explored the purity of geometric shapes, eschewing the boundaries of representation entirely.

Forms of Abstract Art:

Geometric Abstraction Geometric abstraction is rooted in mathematical precision. It employs forms, lines, and angles to create visually striking compositions. Artists like Theo van Doesburg and Josef Albers used geometric forms to communicate balance, order, and harmony.

Abstract Expressionism: The 20th century saw schilderij rise of Abstract Expressionism, a movement that was characterized by gestural brushwork spontaneous creation, and emotional energy. Artists like Jackson Pollock ("Number 1A, 1948") and Willem de Kooning embraced the unpredictability of the creative process.

Color Field Painting: Artists from the Color Field movement, including Mark Rothko and Helen Frankenthaler investigated the emotional effect of the color. Massive expanses of color across the canvas were designed to trigger profound emotional responses, creating immersive visual experiences.

Cubism: Spearheaded by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, Cubism shattered traditional notions of perspective. Through the deconstruction and re-assembly of forms, Cubist artworks presented multiple perspectives at once, challenging viewers to look at the composition in new ways.

The Emotional Language of Abstract Art:

Abstract art serves as a conduit for emotions and ideas, allowing artists to express complex feelings and ideas without the limitations of representation. Through reducing elements down to their most fundamental forms, abstract artists invite viewers to actively participate in the interpretation of their work.

Personal Interpretation: The abstract art allows the viewer to contribute their unique perspectives and experiences into the interpretation of a piece. The absence of a distinct narrative or an identifiable subject matter creates an intimate and personal connection.

Emotional Resonance: Colors, shapes, and abstract compositions are a source of emotion. A strong red could inspire passion and cool blues could evoke tranquility. Many viewers are attracted to art that resonates with their personal feelings.

Freedom of Expression: Abstract art liberates artists from the limitations of representation and allows them to play with color, form, as well as texture, in a way that reflects their innermost emotions and thoughts. This liberation creates a strong sense of authenticity and individuality in the process of creating art.

Open-Ended Dialogue Unlike representational art, abstract art works encourage an open-ended dialogue. Viewers are not bound by a prescribed story or subject and are encouraged to investigate and discover personal meaning in the art's ambiguity.


Abstract art, with its many forms and emotional resonance, can serve as a canvas for the unsaid and unnoticed. From the revolutionary visions from Kandinsky to the intense emotion of Abstract Expressionism, abstract art has always evolved by challenging the established norms of art and inviting viewers into the realm of infinite interpretation.

As we consider the strokes, shapes and hues of abstract artworks, we embark on a journey of self-discovery and exploration. Abstract art is not just a mirror of the inner surroundings of its creators but also acts as mirrors reflecting the diverse interpretations of the people who interact with it. When we embrace abstract art, we acknowledge the infinite possibilities of expression through art and the intimate connection that exists between the artist, the work and the viewer.